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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 169 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Amin, Ash (2001) “Industrial Districts”, in Sheppard, Eric and Barnes, Trevor J. (eds.), pp.149-168.
  2. Amin, Ash & Cohendet, Patrick (2004) Architectures of Knowledge: Firms, Capabilities, and Communitie, Oxford University Press.
  3. Casper, Steve & Karamanos, Anastasios (2003) "Commercializing Science in Europe: The Cambridge Biotechnology Cluster.”, European Planning Studies, Special issue on Biotechnology, October, 11(7), pp.805-823.
  4. Chapple, Karen et. al (2004) “Gauging Metropolitan“High-Tech”and“I-Tech” Activity”, Economic Development Quarterly, 2004(2), pp.10-29.
  5. Cooke, Philip (2003) “Evolution of biotechnology in three continents: Schumpeterian or Penrosian?”, European Planning Studies,11 (7), pp.757-763.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅世齡(2012)。女同志友善空間之探討-以聚拉屋為例。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-246。 
  2. 簡溥辰(2016)。哈囉,找什麼?臺灣男同志使用交友軟體的情況及影響因素。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2016。1-170。 
  3. 林佩苓(2012)。依違於中心與邊陲之間:臺灣當代菁英女同志小說研究。臺灣大學台灣文學研究所學位論文。2012。1-125。 
  4. 朱柏寧(2012)。異托邦的萌生:海筆子帳篷劇團。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2012。1-97。 
  5. 李屹(2012)。「同志」的誕生:概念史視角下行為語意朝認同語意之轉型。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2012。1-166。 
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