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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱柏松、張新寶、陳忠五、陳聰富、詹森林,「醫療過失舉證責任之比較」,元照出版有限公司,2008年5月初版。
  2. 黃丁全,「醫事法」,元照出版有限公司,2000年初版。
  3. 黃榮堅,「基礎刑法學(上)」,元照出版有限公司,2004年6月二版。
  4. 顏厥安,「規範、論證與行動」,元照出版有限公司,2004年12月初版。
  5. 方莉莉,「台灣醫療糾紛民事判決關鍵因素實證分析——以台北、士林、板橋地方法院為例」,國立政治大學法律與科技整合研究所碩士論文,2010年。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張修維(2014)。醫療糾紛解決機制之研究。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2014。1-142。
  2. 卓欣怡(2016)。醫療不作為侵權行為研究-以我國醫療實務判決為分析。臺北大學法律學系法律專業組學位論文。2016。1-144。
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