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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林紀東(1998)。《中華民國憲法逐條釋義(一)》。台北:三民。
  2. 林明鏘(1992)。〈憲政改革與公務員制度〉,《法令月刊》,43卷2期,頁13-18。
  3. 林明鏘(2003)。〈論地方自治團體負擔健保保費合憲性問題:評大法官釋字第五五○號解釋〉,《月旦法學雜誌》,93期,頁270-280。
  4. 吳震能(2009)。〈社會救助法芻議:論補充性原則〉,《東海大學法學研究》,30期,頁161-198。
  5. 邵惠玲(2012)。〈自由權干預作用下的平等權審查:以德國社會保險法制實踐為中心〉,《臺北大學法學論叢》,頁1-42。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳冠穎(2017)。身心障礙者信託法制之比較研究。國立臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-123。 
  2. 胡竣凱(2015)。長期照顧財政制度之研究—以日本長期照護保險施行之經驗為借鏡。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-227。 
  3. 蔡雅竹(2014)。論我國長期照護雙法草案及其法律問題—兼論德國之長照保險制度。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-236。 
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