Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡忠一,2005。「建立我國農產品產銷履歷記錄制度」,《農業世界》,265: 30-39。
  2. 胡忠一 (2006)。國內產銷履歷制度推廣現況與展望。花蓮區農業改良場專刊, 取自:http://www.hdais.gov.tw/04/proceedings/2006/01_1.pdf
  3. 孫智麗•劉依蓁,2013。「社會企業之組織型態與發展模式」,《台灣經濟研究刊》,36(3):58-67。
  4. 蔡憲唐、蕭宏金、洪嘉聰、陳彥鉛,2012。「我國農產品產銷履歷政策之實證研究」,《行政暨政策學報》,55:67-108。
  5. 顏建賢、莊雅萌、馮祥勇、林如森、張婷媛(2012),「整合行銷船撥對產銷履歷農產品」推廣效果之研究,《農業推廣文彙》,57:23-37。
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