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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀紅、蔡秀敏、胡毓雯(2008)•台灣護理人員角色的未來發展•長庚科技學 刊,9,1-10。
  2. 白香菊、李選、曾月霞(2004)•更年期婦女自覺不確定感相關因素之研究•護理雜誌,51(5),45-52。
  3. 向肇英、李介至、李韻雯、鄭素月(2012)•乳癌婦女的不確定感及相關因素之探討•新臺北護理期刊,14(2),23-31。
  4. 李欣慈、趙詩瑾、廖珍娟、周桂如(2005)•腫瘤治療新趨勢:標靶治療•腫瘤護理雜誌,5(2),29-42。
  5. 李美雲、蕭正光、許淑蓮、張宏泰、徐南麗(2002).乳癌患者不確定感及影響因素之探討•慈濟護理雜誌,1(3),57-65。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊培瑜(2016)。肝癌病人參與臨床試驗意願及預測因子之研究。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2016。1-206。 
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