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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石文君,2014,《我國地方公職人員合併選舉政策成效之研究-以南投縣為例》,南投:國立暨南國際大學公共行政與政策學系在職專班碩士論文。
  2. 徐永明,2007,〈2007年民進黨總統候選人提名初選評析〉,《台灣民主季刊》,4(2):151-171。
  3. 郝培芝,2014b,〈蜜月期選舉時程與衣尾效應:法國半總統制下總統與國會〉,《東吳政治學報》,33(2):1-64。
  4. 張佑宗、盧信宏,2014,〈總統選舉、國家認同與侍從主義的消失?─2000年後雲林縣的個案研究〉,《政治科學論叢》,61:1-40。
  5. 陳宏銘、蔡榮祥,2008,〈選舉時程對政府組成型態的牽引力:半總統制經驗之探討〉,《東吳政治學報》,26:117-180。
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