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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊豪,2014,「臺灣城鄉分類系統之研究-哪裡是農村」,台灣農學會報15(1):18-38。
  2. 王淳民、張秦松、張尹凡、劉秉彥、邱靜如、侯孟次、陳全裕、吳幸娟、吳至行,2015,某鄉村社區老年居民代謝症候群盛行率及相關危險因子之探討,台灣老年醫學暨老年學雜誌,2015;10(3):172-179
  3. 吳玉仁,2016,土地整體開發對都市地區農民及農會之影響-以新莊區為例,碩士論文,國立台灣大學農業經濟學系。
  4. 吳聲和,2008,影響台灣地區高血壓、高血糖、高血脂盛行率可能危險因子之研究,碩士論文,國立台北大學統計學系。
  5. 徐筱雯,2013,利用全民健康保險資料分析職業與疾病之關係-以2005年農保人口為例,國立中興大學應用經濟學系碩士論文。
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