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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王穎(2003)。台灣野豬在農地環境之食性及其被利用之現況。行政院農委會九十二年度試驗研究計畫研究報告。39頁。
  2. 吳幸如(1993)。臺灣野豬棲地利用及行為之研究。國立臺灣師範大學生物學研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  3. 吳幸如(2009)。狩獵與危害防治對臺灣野豬(Sus scrofa taivanus)族群影響之探討。國立臺灣師範大學生命科學系博士論文,台北市。
  4. 林俐玲,何國謙,林文英(2004)。植物覆蓋與土壤性質對於蚯蚓族群影響之探討。水土保持學報,36(4), 333-344。
  5. 基隆市政府(2015)。基隆市區域計畫草案(公開展覽計畫),基隆市。
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