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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1、王文玉(2006),〈外籍配偶國小子女與本地子女學習狀況之比較〉,臺灣大學經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 6、吳慧瑛(2007),〈家庭背景與教育成就:五個出生世代的比較分析〉,《人口學刋》,No.34,109-143。
  3. 11、黃芳玫與吳齊殷(2009),〈臺灣國中學生個人特質、家庭背景與學業成績-追蹤調查資料之研究〉,臺灣大學農業經濟學系期刊論文。
  4. 13、黃毅志(2003),〈「臺灣地區新職業聲望與社經地位量表」之建構與評估:社會科學與教育社會學研究本土化〉,《教育研究集刊》,49:4,1-31。
  5. 14、陳青達與鄭勝耀(2008),〈文化資本與學習成就之相關研究-以雲林縣國民小學六年級學生為例〉,《新竹教育大學學報》,25:1,79-98。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林妙玲(2015)。分享式閱讀教學應用於國小一年級新住民學生之行動研究。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-189。 
  2. 柳榮達(2013)。新北市國民小學新住民子女生活適應與學習成就之相關研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-132。 
  3. 曾沚淇(2014)。國小學童家庭背景因素與學業表現關係之探討。義守大學財務金融學系學位論文。2014。1-73。 
  4. 黃仕妤(2017)。母親就業的代際影響與變遷-以1953-1963、1964-1976及1977-1983年出生世代女性為例。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-35。 
  5. 張夏鳳(2014)。母親職業對國中子女學習表現的影響。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2014。1-71。 
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