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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (1) Beauchamp RO Jr, Bus JS, Popp JA. A critical review of the literature on carbon disulfide toxicity. Critical Reviews in Toxicology 1983; 11(3):169-278.
  2. (2) Reinhardt F, Drexler H, Bickel A, Claus D, Angerer J, Ulm K et al. Neurotoxicity of long-term low level exposure to carbon disulphide: Results of questionnaire, clinical neurological examination and neuropsychological testing. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 1997; 69(5):332-338.
  3. (3) Cassitto MG, Camerino D, Imbriani M, Contardi T, Masera L, Gilioli R. Carbon-Disulfid(e and the Central-Nervous-System - A 15-Year Neurobehavioral Surveillance of An Exposed Population. Environmental Research 1993; 63(2):252-263.
  4. (6) Vanhoorne M, Debacquer D, Barbier F. Epidemiologic-Study of Gastrointestinal and Liver Effects of Carbon-Disulfide. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 1992; 63(8):517-523.
  5. (7) Zhou SY, Liang YX, Chen ZQ, Wang YL. Effects of occupational exposure to low-level carbon disulfide (CS2) on menstruation and pregnancy. Industrial Health 1988; 26(4):203-214.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳國傑(2007)。利用奈米銅觸媒去除二硫化碳及汽柴油含硫污染物之研究。元智大學化學工程與材料科學學系學位論文。2007。1-116。 
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