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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署(2001)•老人長期照護三年計畫執行情形報告•台北:行政院衛生署。
  2. 李佩珊、鍾佳雯、程小育、郭淑珍(2008)•輪班工作對生活品質的影響:深度訪談護理人員•健康管理學刊,6(2),147-160。
  3. 杜麗珍、林藍萍、林金定(2007)•老人養護機構照護提供者工作壓力與健康初探•台灣老人保健學刊,3(2),73-82。
  4. 林永崇、顧淑芳、羅美惠、葉國明、彭銘業、張峰義(2000)•醫院職業性針扎事件調查與B行肝炎防治成本探討•中華職業醫學雜誌,7(2),51-56。
  5. 林志銘、韋哲啓(1999)•醫療工作人員乳膠過敏及暴露之調查研究-以某醫學中心為例•中華職業醫學雜誌,6(2),73-80。
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