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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂秀英。2011。正確使用統計圖表呈現處理間比較。台灣農業研究。台灣,台北。
  2. 許家齊。2012。降低黑糖中丙烯醯胺之方法。國立臺灣大學食品科技研究所碩士學位論文。台灣,台北。
  3. 鄭維智。2009。台灣地區點心食品丙烯醯胺含量及其風險評估暨擬似食品模擬系統中丙烯醯胺之形成與消失。國立臺灣大學食品科技研究所博士學位論文。
  4. 蕭欣宜、吳帛儒、許朝凱、鄭維智、馮潤蘭、蔡淑貞。2011。九十九年餐飲業油炸油稽查抽驗。台灣,台北。
  5. 行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所。2009。丙烯醯胺暴露勞工生物指標之研究。台灣,台北。
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