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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳東都,〈論行政處分撤銷訴訟之訴訟標的〉,國立臺灣大學法律研究所碩士論文,197年6月。
    2. 邱聯恭,《口述民事訴訟法講義(二)》,2006年筆記版
    3. 張文郁,〈行政訴訟中撤銷訴訟之訴訟標的之研究〉,《權利與救濟(二)》,2008年4月。
    4. 許仕宦,〈重複起訴禁止與既判力之客觀範圍〉,《臺大法學論叢》第31卷第6期,2002年12月。
    5. 駱永家,〈判決理由與既判力〉,《既判力之研究》,1999年,11版。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 徐穆儀(2014)。不當勞動行為裁決機制研究-行政介入與司法救濟之匯流。臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-137。 
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