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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 呂朝賢(1998)。社會救助問題:政策目的、貧窮的定義與測量。人文及社會科學集刊,11(2)。
    2. 林峰燦(2000)。論現代貧窮的出現——一個人形想像的觀念史考察。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣大學社會學研究所。
    3. 孫健忠(1999)。社會價值與社會控制——以社會救助為例。台大社會工作學刊,1,77+79-109。
    4. 陳姿伶(2008)。誰不值得救助?福利依賴本土概念之呈現。未出版之碩士論文,國立暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學研究所。
    5. 張又升(2004)。社會福利的「最後一哩」——鄉鎮市(區)公所福利輸送角色與功能之探討。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣大學社會工作研究所。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 廖于慧(2013)。臺北市貧窮家庭與社會救助服務之互動。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-139。 
    2. 陳佳微(2012)。我國與英國生活扶助制度之比較研究。中央大學法律與政府研究所學位論文。2012。1-232。
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