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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳正次 (2002) 番茄病蟲害與生理障礙的防治。番茄品種特性與栽培技術全輯。行政院農委會種苗改良繁殖場。台灣。P56-78。
  2. 張孝齊 (2005) 甘藷 sporamin 基因啟動子上順向作用的 DNA 片段之功能性分 析及 sporamin 基因家族成員間變異性之研究。國立台灣大學植物科學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 楊藹華 (2004) 芋頭半胱胺酸蛋白酶抑制劑 (Tarocystatin) 之基因選殖、表現特性及對微生物抗性的分子基至研究。國立台灣大學植物科學研究所博士論文。
  4. 蔡東纂 (1996) 台灣作物線蟲病連作帳害之發生及對策。植病會刊 5: 113-128.
  5. Adams, D. J. (2004) Fungal cell wall chitinase and glucanases. Microbiology 150: 2029-35.
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