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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bertzky, M., & Stoll-Kleemann, S. (2009). Multi-level discrepancies with sharing data on protected areas: What we have and what we need for the global village. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(1), 8-24.
  2. Bormann, B. T., Martin, J. R., Wagner, F. H., Wood, G., Alegria, J., Cunningham, P. G., et al. (1999). Adaptive management. Ecological Stewardship: A Common Reference for Ecosystem Management, 505-534.
  3. CBD (2010). Value of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Retrieved July 7, 2011, from:
  4. Corey, S. M. (1953). Action Research to Improve School Practices. New York: Teachers College Press.
  5. Dudley, N. (2008). Guidelines for Applying Protected Area Management Categories.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉真汝(2017)。探討「增進我們的襲產」在挖子尾自然保留區的施作。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2017。1-132。 
  2. 陳冠文(2017)。保護區經營管理效能評量方法在臺灣的應用–METT與RAPPAM的比較與結果連結。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2017。1-130。 
  3. 楊苡芃(2015)。保護區經營管理效能評量方法的比較 ─以宜蘭縣無尾港水鳥保護區的施行經驗為例。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2015。1-123。 
  4. 陳佑瑄(2012)。台灣保護區經營管理效能評量 (RAPPAM) 之後設評量研究。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2012。1-151。 
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