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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 邱家財(2012),鐵路運轉理論概要與現代化趨勢,國立台灣大學土木工程學研究所交通組工程研討課程講義。
  2. 6. 周永暉、張家祝、黃承傳(2001),特殊假期鐵路列車排程規劃之分析模式,運輸計劃季刊,30卷1期,pp. 63–87。
  3. 7. 施美成(2010),隨機需求下軌道基礎設施投資選擇模組之研發與應用,國立臺灣大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 10. 鼎漢國際工程顧問公司(2007),國道五號南港蘇澳段通車前後調查分析計畫,交通部台灣區國道新建工程局。
  5. 13. 聯合大地工程顧問股份有限公司(2009),「臺鐵宜蘭線及北迴線改善方案先期規劃路線方案評估」,交通部鐵路改建工程局。
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