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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜文苓,2011a,〈環境風險與科技決策:檢視中科四期環評爭議〉。《東吳政治學報》,29(2),57-110。
  2. 杜文苓、李翰林,2011b,〈環境資訊公開的民主實踐課題—以宵裡溪光電廢水汙染爭議為例〉。《台灣民主季刊》,8(2),59-98。
  3. 周桂田,2000,〈生物科技產業與社會風險:遲滯型高科技風險社會〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》,39,239-283。
  4. ―――,2002,〈在地化風險之實踐與理論缺口-遲滯型高科技風險社會〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》,45,89-129。
  5. ―――,2004,〈獨大的科學理性與隱沒(默)的社會理性之「對話」-在地公眾、科學專家與國家的風險文化探討〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》,第五十六期,2004年12月,頁1-63。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施威全(2017)。用水計畫書審查及查核之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-118。 
  2. 曾玟學(2015)。氣候變遷下臺灣水資源開發與產業用水之衝突。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-170。 
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