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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王裕權、張元聰. 2007. 洋桔梗育苗技術探討. 臺南區農業改良場研究彙報50:39-48.
  2. 王經文、廖天賜、陳忠義、楊凱愉、林睿思、陳宜敏、許立勳. 2008. 木賊葉木麻黃苗木對水分逆境之反應. 林業研究季刊 30:31-44.
  3. 林士詠. 2010. 洋桔梗根系生長對植株抽莖之影響. 國立中興大學園藝系碩士論文.
  4. 莊雅晴. 2010. 植體水分狀況及碳水化合物變化對洋桔梗切花品質之影響. 臺灣大學園藝系碩士論文.
  5. 陳忠義. 2007. 構樹苗木對光度與水分之生理反應. 國立中興大學森林系碩士論文.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李涵茵(2015)。花壇植物耐旱指標篩選及水分管理之研究。臺灣大學園藝暨景觀學系學位論文。2015。1-118。 
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