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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛筱艷,2010。「國際觀光飯店員工工作滿意度與服務品質關係之研究─以員工性別為干擾變數」,『多國籍企業管理評論』。4卷,1期,1-12。
  2. 王文英、張清福,2007。「應用結構方程模式探討不同性質員工服務品質對顧客滿意之影響─兼論影響服務品質之動因」,『顧客滿意月刊』。3卷,2期,121-152。
  3. 王媛慧、李文福,2004。「我國地區醫院技術效率之研究─DEA方法的應用」,『經濟研究』。40卷,1期,61-95。
  4. 王斐青、洪維廷、尚瑞國,2004。「台灣地區國際觀光旅館經營型態與經營效率之衡量」,『亞太經濟管理評論』。7卷,1、2期,109-123。
  5. 王肇蘭、許義忠、徐偉初,2008。「台灣地區地方政府效率暨生產力評估」,『應用經濟論叢』。84期,71-120。
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