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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林冠慧 (2011) 流域集水區人類與環境系統脆弱性分析架構之建立:台灣新竹縣尖石鄉大漢溪上游石門水庫集水區泰雅族部落為例,國立台灣大地理環境資源研究所,博士論文。
  2. 夏禹九、林佩蓉 (2011) 原住民與自然資源經營:共同經營的理論框架,台灣原住民族研究季刊,4 (1): 39-66。
  3. 倪進誠 (2013) 機會與命運:苗栗南庄泰雅地區觀光發展辯證,地理學報,68:43-68。
  4. 黃炫星 (1991) 台灣的古道,台中市 : 臺灣省政府新聞處。
  5. 葉美智 (2007) 社區林業之社會網絡分析:以南投縣國姓鄉猴洞坑為例,國立中興大學森林學系,博士論文。
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