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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方雅卉,2015,〈食品標章對消費者購買食品意願之影響〉,嶺東科技大學國際企業系碩士班碩士論文。
  2. 巫宜株,2015,〈台灣食品產業效率與生產力之研究-兼論食安問題比較分析〉,逢甲大學合作經濟學系碩士論文。
  3. 吳昭慧、王仕賢、黃涵靈.,2014,〈大豆流通樣態及國產大豆特性〉,《臺南區農業專訊》,p. 4-7。
  4. 杜采藍,2007,〈消費者對有機蔬菜購買認知與行為之研究〉,國立中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。
  5. 李雅婷、葉彥宏、黃議輝 & 黃豋福,2009,〈新鮮鰻魚黏液及其生理食鹽水 抽出物對老鼠之食用安全性探討〉,《建國科大學報》,29(1): 41-57。
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