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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方圓媛(2010)。口腔及口咽癌患者於治療後身體活動狀況探討。國立臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文,台北市。
  2. 陳佩英、史麗珠、王正旭、賴裕和、張獻崑、陳美伶(1999)。疼痛對癌症病患焦慮與憂鬱之影響。台灣醫學,3(4),373-382。
  3. 黃淑如(2013)。頭頸部癌患者的害怕復發、因應型態與健康相關生活品質、創傷後成長間關係之追蹤研究,中原大學心理學研究所碩士論文,桃園縣。
  4. 衛生福利部國民健康署(2018)。癌症登記報告。取自 pid=10227
  5. 賴世華(2010)。頭頸癌症患者復發擔憂對癌症關連疲勞之影響 - 以因應型態及負向情緒為中介變項,中原大學心理學研究所碩士論文,桃園縣。
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