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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 張淑華、何政坤、蔡錦瑩,台灣紅豆杉癒合組織之誘導、培養與紫杉醇生產,台灣林業科學,11卷4期(1996/12),頁445-453。
  2. 6. 江仟琦,利用氣舉式發酵槽生產具有抑制肝癌及子宮頸癌細胞生長之樟芝發酵液,國立台灣大學食品科技研究所,2005年,七月。
  3. 12. 周宏祈,喜樹組織培養與喜樹鹼誘導之研究,國立台灣大學森林環境暨資源學系碩士論文,2005,六月
  4. 15. 黃世佑,植物細胞培養生產二次代謝產物反應器操作及其擴大規模,國立台灣大學「台大工程」學刊,民國九十一年二月 第八十四期,頁21-31。
  5. 16. 林嘉慶,探討添加三種不同的含硫鹽類以加強十字花科植物芽菜的抗癌活性,國立台灣大學食品科技研究所,2009年七月。
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