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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白凢芸、黃稜茹,2013。「影響個性咖啡館消費者來店決策之研究」,《運動休閒餐旅研究》。8卷2期,160-177。
  2. 阮紹薇,2000。「電腦網路中虛擬群現象與經學策略之探討」,《大學圖書館》。4卷1期,60-80。
  3. 張淑芬、程永雄、徐信次、朱慶國,2006。「台灣咖啡之介紹」,《農業試驗所技術服務》。67期,13-16。
  4. 黃志彥、李清松、洪毓穗,2011。「生活型態與產品屬性影響國產葡萄酒消費者購買行為之研究」,《行銷評論》。8卷2期,199-224。
  5. 董益吾、洪薇婷、陳美燕,2015。「非連鎖咖啡館顧客商店印象與購買行為之研究」,《休閒管理研究》。2卷1期,35-22。
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