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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署(2007)。「中華民國95年衛生統計」。台北:行政院衛生署。
  2. 李家驊(2006)。「癌末病患與其主要照顧者之意義調適歷程與內涵初探」。(未發表之碩士論文)。
  3. 季瑋珠、黃俊升、張金堅(1997)。台灣的乳癌。「中華公共衛生雜誌」,16(1),62-76。
  4. 財團法人彰化基督教腫瘤中心(2003)。「乳癌衛教手冊」。2007年4月6日,檢自未來展望。
  5. Andrykowski, M. A., & Cordova, M. J. (1998). Factors associated with PTSD symptoms following treatment for breast cancer: Test of the American model. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, 189-203.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 龔庭溱(2013)。華人文化視框下台灣乳癌病友表達性藝術治療團體方案設計原則之探究。國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系學位論文。2013。1-181。 
  2. 賴世華(2010)。頭頸癌症患者復發擔憂對癌症關連疲勞之影響 - 以因應型態及負向情緒為中介變項。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-104。
  3. 郭文正(2012)。藥癮者社會支持、壓力知覺與戒癮改變階段之模式建構。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2012。1-315。
  4. 黃淑如(2013)。頭頸部癌患者的害怕復發、因應型態與健康相關生活品質、創傷後成長間關係之追蹤研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-117。
  5. 吳詩萍(2014)。檢視初次接受化學治療癌症老年病人壓力感受、因應行為與症狀困擾之相關性。長榮大學護理學研究所學位論文。2014。1-115。
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