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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方尚文,人體試驗對既有醫療法制衝擊之研究—以當事人利益衝突為中心—,中原大學財經法律學系碩士學位論文,2004年7月。
  2. 和綠華 ,「告知後同意」原則適用於人體試驗之研究-以受試者自主權為核心,中原大學財經法律研究所碩士論文,2005年1月。
  3. 曾靖雯 ,新藥人體試驗契約之探討,成功大學法律研究所碩士論文(2005)。
  4. 楊秀茹,從病患自主權看病患家屬參與醫療決定之權限,中原大學財經法律研究
  5. 陳聰富,論侵權行為法上之過失概念,「侵權歸責原則與損害賠償」,( 台北:元照出版公司,2004 年)。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳依蓉(2014)。醫療事件慰撫金之研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-259。 
  2. 鄭雅恩(2013)。生醫研究中利益衝突之研究。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-273。 
  3. 劉又禎(2011)。藥師調劑之注意義務與民事責任。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-258。 
  4. 李小芬(2008)。醫療民事責任因果關係之研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2008。1-191。 
  5. 丁予安(2008)。人體試驗民事責任之研究?以新藥臨床試驗為主題。政治大學法律科際整合研究所學位論文。2008。1-218。
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