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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱建民 (2000), “ 由儒家觀點論西方環境倫理學人類中心主義與自然中心主義的對立 ,” 《鵝湖學誌》 , 25, 1–40 。
  2. 吳信志與鄭登貴 (2004), “ 轉基因動物對於提升台灣農業競爭力的發展策略 ,” 《國家政策季刊》 , 3 (3), 59–76 。
  3. 杜素豪 (2002), “ 態度量表跨文化應用之有效性分析 — 以新生態價值量表為例 ,” 《調查研究》 , 11, 73–104 。
  4. 林忠樑與林佳慧 (2014), “ 學校特徵與空間距離對周邊房價之影響分析 -- 以台北市為例 ,” 《經濟論文叢刊》 , 42, 215–271 。
  5. 紀駿傑與蕭新煌 (2003), “ 當前台灣環境正義的社會基礎 ,” 《國家政策季刊》 , 2 (3), 169–180 。
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