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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江慧珍(2006)。台灣民眾的就醫第二意見行為之探討 。 臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所未出版碩士論文,台北市。
  2. 吳季倫、楊銘欽(1998)。肝癌患者罹病成本與其相關因素之探討:以某醫學中心患者為例。中華衛誌;17(2):148-157。
  3. 李宛臻(2006)。台灣地區肝癌治療療效與醫療資源利用探討。高雄醫學大學醫務管理學研究所未出版碩士論文,高雄縣。
  4. 林佩蓁(2004)。口腔癌病患醫療費用分析與疾病負荷之探討。高雄醫學大學口腔衛生科學研究所未出版碩士論文,高雄縣。
  5. 胡志棠(2002)。肝癌的治療(下)。當代醫學;29(4):77-82。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許佳雯(2013)。膽囊相關疾病患者重複就診與接受膽囊切除術機率之相關性研究。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-63。 
  2. 傅秀雯(2013)。口腔癌患者早期徵狀與診斷延遲之相關性。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-54。 
  3. 陳家榆(2012)。以多層次分析精神疾病患者之逛醫師行為及其與照護結果之相關性。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-129。 
  4. 張瑞益(2011)。新罹患癌症病人逛醫院行為之資源耗用探討-以肝癌、結腸直腸癌為例。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-84。
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