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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛家舲、張鈺(1996).倫理困境與倫理決策過程.護理雜誌,43(1),40-45。
  2. 吳名珠、陳美玲、陳淑卿、劉會平 (2003) .肺部手術病患術後疼痛、疲倦及希望之相關性探討.新台北護理期刊,5 (1),25-36。
  3. 柯乃熒、蕭琪、許淑蓮 (1997) .不確定之概念分析.護理雜誌,44(1),92-97。
  4. 胡文郁、邱泰源、呂碧鴻、陳慶餘、謝長堯、陳月枝(2001).醫護人員對「安寧緩和醫療條例」之教育需求.醫學教育,5(1),21-29。
  5. 徐翠霞 (2001).肺癌病患之疼痛程度與不確定感和希望狀態之相關性.未發表之碩士論文,台北醫學大學護理學研究所。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 袁倫欽(2012)。成年早期子女經歷父母罹癌對親子間親密關係與生活品質之影響。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-84。 
  2. 吳瑞燕(2015)。探討思覺失調症患者希望感之相關研究。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2015。1-96。 
  3. 吳詩萍(2014)。檢視初次接受化學治療癌症老年病人壓力感受、因應行為與症狀困擾之相關性。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-115。 
  4. 黃代泱(2013)。影響加護病房老年重症病人面臨疾病末期時期成年子女簽署DNR同意書意願因素。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-71。 
  5. 蕭淑嫺(2015)。參與臨床試驗的肺癌病人不確定感與希望狀態之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-113。 
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