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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 173 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部統計資訊服務網(2005)民國94年老人狀況調查結果摘要分析
  2. 王正,曾薔霓(1999)倫理與價值:長期照護財務機制之理念與原則 社會政策與社會工作學刊 3(2),101-142。
  3. 江信男,柯慧貞,林旻沛 (2005)台灣地區老人的生理疾病多寡自覺生理健康社會支持度與憂鬱嚴重度 臨床心理學刊 第二卷 第一期 ,11-22
  4. 呂源三,莊玉嬪,詹德欽,莊家銘,洪弘昌(2006)老人健康需求與長期照護觀點台灣
  5. 李宗派(2004)老化理論與老人保健1(二) 身心障礙研究 Vol.2, No.23,77-94
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳慧珊(2013)。退休生涯規劃與活躍老化關係之研究—以桃園縣教育志工為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2013。1-138。 
  2. 陳玉燕(2012)。桃園縣國小教師老化態度、活躍老化學習認知與活躍老化學習需求之研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-193。
  3. 曾方鶴(2012)。南投縣國小教師老化素養、活躍老化學習認知與學習需求之研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-224。
  4. 吳逸如(2012)。戰後嬰兒潮世代公教人員活躍老化學習需求及參與意願之探討。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-147。
  5. 王月玲(2013)。祖父母對於老化學習認知與需求之研究:活躍老化的觀點。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2013。1-229。
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