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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局 (2004)。職業分類查詢系統。上網日期:2009年6月24日。網址://
  2. 李婷媛 (2006)。研發機構工程師資訊行為及其在資訊服務應用之探討。未出版之碩士論文,臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所,臺北市。
  3. 林彩鳳 (2007)。國防科技人員資訊尋求行為之研究:以中山科學研究院航空研究所為例。未出版之碩士論文,中興大學圖書資訊學研究所,臺中市。
  4. 林嘉敏 (2006)。司法官對法律文獻資源之資訊行為研究。未出版之碩士論文,臺灣師範大學社會教育學系,臺北市。
  5. 陳育穎 (2008)。會計師工作任務與資訊行為之研究。未出版之碩士論文,臺灣師範大學社會教育學系,臺北市。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 韓宜靜(2011)。以敘事分析解讀有機食品在當代的意涵。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-104。 
  2. 張雅君(2011)。災害防救人員資訊行為之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-157。
  3. 許雅婷(2013)。基督教神職人員之神學教育學習經驗探究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-150。
  4. 江景淵(2017)。銀髮族宗教志願服務者之資訊實務:以一貫道天職人員為例。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-144。
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