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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何坤耀。1987。愛玉授粉榕小蜂之生態及其在平地立足之可能性調查。中華昆蟲7: 37- 44。
  2. 林讚標、劉哲政、楊居源、黃瑞祥、李永生、張森永。1990。愛玉與薜荔隱花果形態與其生化特性比較。林業試驗所研究報告季刊5: 37-43。
  3. 黃佳茵。2004。台灣產毛茛科鐵線蓮屬 (Clematis L.) 植物分子親緣關係之探討。國立臺灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所碩士論文。111頁。
  4. Akaike, H. 1974. A new look at the statistical model identification. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 19: 716-723.
  5. Anstett, M. C., M. Hossaert-McKey, and F. Kjellberg. 1997. Figs and fig pollinators: evolutionary conflicts in a coevoled mutualism. Trends Ecol. Evol. 12: 94-99.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴柏全(2010)。愛玉子栽培改善的方法及其授粉小蜂的生態習性。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2010。1-73。 
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