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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anderson E, & Anderson P (1987). General practitioners and alternative medicine. The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, 37(295), 52.
  2. Astin JA (1998). Why patients use alternative medicine: results of a national study. JAMA, 279(19), 1548.
  3. Astin JA, Marie B, Pelletier KR, Hansen E, & Haskell WL (1998). A review of the incorporation of complementary and alternative medicine by mainstream physicians. Archives of Internal Medicine, 158(21), 2303-2310.
  4. Barnes PM, & Bloom B (2008). Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Adults and Children: United States, 2007 (No. 12).
  5. Barnes PM, Powell-Griner E, McFann K, & Nahin RL (2004). Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults: United States, 2002.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳艾倫(2012)。西醫門診病患對輔助與替代療法的認知、態度與其行為之研究-以台北市某醫學中心為例。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-134。
  2. 吳冠誼(2014)。求醫考量、知覺價值與知覺風險對求醫意願之影響 ─以肌肉骨骼疾患為例。中山大學企業管理學系研究所學位論文。2014。1-158。
  3. 張心怡(2017)。不同醫病角色對輔助與替代療法認知差異之探討。中山醫學大學健康餐飲暨產業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-90。
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