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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林秋惠(2007)。台灣欒樹雄花及兩性花花部發育與小孢子形成之研究。台灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 林庭妤(2010)。台灣蜂蜜抗氧化活性分析及抗菌特性之研究。虎尾科技大學光電與材料科技研究所碩士論文。
  3. 陳宜君與區少梅(2008)。以近紅外線光譜技術鑑別台灣真假蜂蜜。台灣農業化學與食品科學,第46卷,第129至137頁。
  4. 陳淑華(2000)。國產與進口龍眼蜜之鑑定。農委會中部辦公室行政及建設計畫成果報告。
  5. 陳翠華(2008)。台灣市售蜂蜜消費行為及喜好性調查。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳宗元(2015)。直接大氣壓下化學游離質譜法應用於蜂蜜不同蜜源及產地之鑑定。虎尾科技大學生物科技研究所學位論文。2015。1-93。
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