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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 168 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王筱霈(2008)。青少女母親之壓力與需求暨婚姻品質探討。國立台灣大學:護理學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王筱霈(2010)。一定要餵母奶嗎?只有妳才能決定什麼對妳的寶寶最好!健康世界,293期,73-76。
  3. 王瑞霞(2000)。青少年性健康促進。護理雜誌,47(1),338-341。
  4. 朱美嬋(2004)。未成年母親生活事件之追蹤研究: 從生第一胎後到產後六至八年。國立成功大學:公共衛生研究所碩士論文。
  5. 呂玉瑕(1995)。社會學與性別研究。近代中國婦女史研究,3期,177-192。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊淑宜(2015)。親生母親與被出養子女的重聚經驗探究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2015。1-130。 
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