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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 169 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳泰成、周威廷,2011,〈公部門推動策略性人力資源管理架構芻議〉,《研考雙月刊》,35(3):113-120。
  2. 李亮宏,2004,《公務人力資源管理彈性化與契約性人力之研究》,台北:台灣大學政治研究所碩士論文。
  3. 施能傑,2009,〈考試權獨立機關化定位的新討論-民主責任政治的檢驗〉,《台灣民主季刊》,6(1):135-168。
  4. 施能傑,2012,〈政府人事管理法令的管制品質分析〉,《行政暨政策學報》,55:1-30。
  5. 張芮君,2012,《我國公務人力進用結構與彈性用人之研究─以財政部臺灣省中區國稅局為例》,台北:台灣大學政治研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃俊景(2016)。我國政府約聘僱人員留任原因之探討—以台北市政府為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2016。1-210。
  2. 薄景華(2017)。錢少事少離家近—公務機關中臨時人員的求職與工作行為。中山大學人力資源管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-69。
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