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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 18 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Black, Fischer and John C. Cox (1976), “Valuing Corporate Securities: Some Effects of Bond Indenture Provisions,” Journal of Finance, 31, 351-367
  2. Black, Fischer and Myron Scholes (1973), “The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities,” Journal of Political Economy, 81, 637-654.
  3. Collin-Dufresne, Pierre, Robert S. Goldstein, and J. Spencer Martin (2001), “The Determinants of Credit Spread Changes,” Journal of Finance, 56, 2177-2202
  4. Duffie, Darrell and Kenneth J. Singleton (1999), “Modelling Term Structures of Defaultable Bonds,” Review of Financial Studies, 12, 687-720
  5. Duffie, Gregory R. (1996), “Treasury Yields and Corporate Bond Yield Spreads: An Empirical Analysis,”
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宏輝(2008)。砂岩力學行為之微觀機制-以個別元素法探討。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2008。1-159。 
  2. 李偉竹(2006)。結合岩體評分法與網格不穩定力平衡模式應用於廣域山崩行為之模擬-以溪頭為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2006。1-122。 
  3. 蔡立盛(2005)。砂岩依時性力學特性研究及應用。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2005。1-300。 
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