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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 朱韋慈(2015)。《國內典型與非典型薪資差異之研究》。臺北:臺灣大學國家發展研究所,碩士論文。
  2. 10. 林師模、楊琇如(2005)。〈雙元勞動市場下產業結構轉型與人力需求演變〉,《亞太經濟管理評論》9(1):1–30。
  3. 12. 莊奕琦、楊孟嘉(2014)。〈中國農民工與城鎮勞工之薪資差異與歧視〉,《人文及社會科學集刊》26(4):525–553。
  4. 17. 許碧峰(2004)。〈臺灣大專教育溢酬、性別薪資差異與勞動者未觀察到能力報酬之變化〉,《經濟論文叢刊》32(2):267–291。
  5. 18. 陳金治(2009)。《勞動派遣與台灣勞動市場雙元化發展之分析》。臺北:政治大學行政管理碩士學程,碩士論文。
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