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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 范世平(2006)。〈開放中國遊客來臺法制影響之研究〉。《遠景基金會季刊》,7(2)。
  2. 林谷隆(2013)。《開放陸客自由行對臺灣觀光產業影響研究》。淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士論文。
  3. 林茂松(2014)。《開放陸客來臺觀光旅遊之政經分析﹐1949-2013》。臺灣大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 倪炎元(1996)。〈主流與非主流報紙對一九九0年國民黨黨內政爭報導與評論的論述分析〉,《新聞學研究》,第53期,頁143-160。
  5. 倪炎元(2012)。〈批判論述分析的定位爭議及其應用問題:以 Norman Fairclough 分析途徑為例的探討〉。《新聞學研究》,第110期,頁1-42。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳瓊華(2018)。中國大陸赴台團體旅遊管理機制與市場競爭分析之研究。淡江大學管理科學學系博士班學位論文。2018。1-139。
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