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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 134 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 卜睿哲(Richard C. Bush)著、林添貴譯,2010,《台灣的未來:如何解開兩岸的爭端》,臺北:遠流出版社。
  2. 吳東欽,2006,《一致政府與分立政府對國會立法之影響:議程阻絕觀點之分析》,台北:國立政治大學社會科學院碩士論文。
  3. 吳東欽,2008,〈從議事阻撓觀點探討我國中央分立政府運作之影響〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,5(3):71-120。
  4. 吳重禮,2007,〈分立政府與經濟表現:1992年至2006年台灣經驗的分析〉,《台灣政治學刊》,11(2):53-91。
  5. 吳重禮、陳慧玟譯,2001,《分立政府:1946~1990年期間之政黨控制、立法與調查》,臺北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。譯自 David R. Mayhew. Divided We Govern: Party Control, Lawmaking, and Investigation, 1946-1990. New Haven: Yale University Press. 1991.
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