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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 185 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 16. 李傑清(2001),《剝奪組織犯罪所得之研究-台灣及日本組織犯罪現象與對策之比較》,台北:元照。
  2. 40. 王正嘉(2012),〈網際網路上之刑法妨害名譽罪適用與界限—以實體與虛擬的二分社會論之〉,《政大法學評論》,128期,頁143-202。
  3. 43. 王紀軒(2016),〈組織犯罪的規範適用與立法檢討〉,《東海大學法學論叢》,50期,頁133-189。
  4. 44. 古承宗(2009),〈危險的電子遊戲場?-評析大法官釋字第六四六號解釋〉,《東吳法律學報》,21卷1期,頁129-162。
  5. 50. 李茂生(2012),〈論義務者遺棄罪的罪質與危險犯的概念(下)兼評最高法院99年度台上字第3048號判決〉,《法令月刊》,63卷3期,頁11-33。
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