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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Gian Paolo Crasta (2005):Slight Fall in Production Cost of Italian Tiles,Ceramic Wrold Review No.62
  2. Silvia Bertolani (2005):The Italian Ceramic Machinery Industry,Ceramic World Review 63
  3. 王雪琴、曹昊(2003):佛山陶瓷企業面臨法律問題分析與對策,佛山陶瓷78期
  4. 伍思成(2005):我國陶瓷色釉料產業迅速崛起成為世界最大生產國和出口國,中國建築衛生陶瓷2005年第7期
  5. 李紅敏、吳基球(2005):如何提高陶瓷原料資源的利用率,中國陶瓷2005年第8期
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡錡(2009)。中小企業產業群聚網站之評估模式研究。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-153。 
  2. 陳世賢(2007)。台灣蝴蝶蘭產業競爭力分析。臺灣大學高階公共管理組學位論文。2007。1-93。 
  3. 施萬富(2010)。區域產業群聚對區域經濟競爭力影響之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-123。
  4. 蔡宗翰(2010)。產業群聚、創新能力、核心能力與政府科技政策對經營績效的影響 -以台灣生技廠商為例。長榮大學經營管理研究所(博)學位論文。2010。1-89。
  5. 張志宏(2011)。台商進入中國地區之經營策略與競爭力分析-以冠軍磁磚公司為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2011。1-105。
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