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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 160 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Abali, G., L. Tokgozoglu, O. I. Ozcebe, K. Aytemir, and N. Nazli (2005), "Which Doppler parameters are load independent? A study in normal volunteers after blood donation", J Am Soc Echocardiogr 18 (12):1260-1265.
    2. Adams, K. F., Jr., G. C. Fonarow, C. L. Emerman, T. H. LeJemtel, M. R. Costanzo, W. T. Abraham, R. L. Berkowitz, M. Galvao, and D. P. Horton (2005), "Characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized for heart failure in the United States: rationale, design, and preliminary observations from the first 100,000 cases in the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry (ADHERE)", Am Heart J 149 (2):209-216.
    3. Appleton, G. O., R. O. Cummins, M. P. Larson, and J. R. Graves (1995), "CPR and the single rescuer: at what age should you "call first" rather than "call fast"?" Ann Emerg Med 25 (4):492-494.
    4. Argaud, L., O. Gateau-Roesch, O. Raisky, J. Loufouat, D. Robert, and M. Ovize (2005), "Postconditioning inhibits mitochondrial permeability transition", Circulation 111:194-197.
    5. Arques, S., E. Roux, P. Sbragia, P. Ambrosi, L. Taieb, B. Pieri, R. Gelisse, and R. Luccioni (2005), "Accuracy of tissue Doppler echocardiography in the emergency diagnosis of decompensated heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function: comparison with B-type natriuretic peptide measurement", Echocardiography 22 (8):657-664.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林孟臻(2013)。「2010臺北國際花卉博覽會」活動期間疾病與外傷之流行病學。臺北醫學大學傷害防治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-33。 
    2. 傅姿瑛(2012)。以疾病特質分析成人葉克膜處置的發生率、基本特質及預後之探討。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-87。 
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