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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江南志,2004,《從民營化觀點探討促參法中公部門的角色-以代理理論分析》,國立成功大學都市計劃學系碩士班論文。
  2. 行政院公共工程委員會,2005《公共建設委託民間營運案件作業手冊》,台北:行政院公共工程委員會編印。
  3. 行政院公共工程委員會,2003,《民間參與公共建設—參考案例(一) 》,台北:行政院公共工程委員會編印。
  4. 行政院公共工程委員會,2005,《民間參與公共建設—參考案例(二) 》,台北:行政院公共工程委員會編印。
  5. 周雪光,2003,《組織社會學十講》,北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王惠琪(2013)。跨域治理理論之比較分析--以兩個個案為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-240。 
  2. 林家緯(2011)。公務人力發展中心營運治理模式之選擇。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2011。1-183。 
  3. 李淑玲(2009)。委外經營政策影響機關總務單位運作之研究-以台北縣巿國立高中職學校為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2009。1-190。
  4. 賴凱俐(2010)。自行組織更新團體實施都市更新事業之研究。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2010。1-134。
  5. 魏巧蓁(2010)。跨越反叛的邊界-從牯嶺街小劇場檢視台北市文化場館委外經營之策略研究。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2010。1-105。
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