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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 吉姆柯林斯著,齊若蘭譯,從A到A+,(Jim Collins, Good to Great,台北市:遠流出版,民國91年。
  2. 5. 克里斯汀生著,李芳齡譯,創新者的解答,(Clayton M. Christensen,The Innovator’s solution: Creating and Sustaining Successful Growth),台北市:天下出版,民國92年。
  3. 16. 邁可喬治著,樂為良譯,精實六標準差,(Michael L.George,Lean Six Sigma),台北市:McGraw Hill出版,民國91年。
  4. 2. Jubke, Alexander, "Success Factors of Corporate Spin-offs "2004.
  5. 一、中文書籍參考
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳華音(2016)。台灣企業分割之個案研究-以友訊、華碩為例。交通大學管理學院財務金融學程學位論文。2016。1-57。
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