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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 276 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁雪茵、鄭伯壎、任金剛(1996)。〈質性研究中研究者的角色與主觀性〉,《本土心理學》,6,354-376。
  2. 王嘉琪、鄭雅文、王榮德、郭育良(2009)。〈職災補償制度的發展與台灣制度現況〉,《台灣衛誌》,28期,1-15。
  3. 王國羽(2007)。〈居家中老年智障者的照顧問題:性別,居住安排與相關論述〉,《身心障礙研究季刊》,5(1),1-29。
  4. 王雲東、林怡君(2004)。〈身心障礙者支持性就業服務方案之成本效益分析─以「 陽光社會福利基金會90 年度支持性就業服務方案」為例〉,《東吳社會工作學報》,第10期,119-147。
  5. 王雲東(2007)。〈身心障礙者社區化就業服務方案之成本效益與成本效能分析—以臺北市92-94年度就服方案為例〉,《臺大社會工作學刊》,第14期,123-166。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王怡人(2007)。變遷中的縣市政府社會工作實務:1990年代的北縣經驗。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2007。1-165。 
  2. 黃珉蓉(2011)。臺灣倡議型非營利聯盟組織之興起與發展-以殘障聯盟為例。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2011。1-120。
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