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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 159 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王紫炘(2004)。消費者選擇實體與虛擬通路之價值認知結構研究。國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。未出版,台南市。
  2. 李淑玲(2007)。運動休閒與生活品質之探討。大專體育,91,74-81。
  3. 吳俊賢(2008)。台灣發展醫療旅遊商業模式初探研究。國立臺灣大學公共衛生學院醫療機構管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 涂宜均、林宇旋、洪百薰、吳秀英(2006)。台灣地區國人對慢性疾病預防認知及預防保健服務利用情形初探-2005年國民健康訪問暨藥物濫用調查結果。 台中市:行政院衛生署國民健康局人口及健康調查研究中心。
  5. 黃信彰(2004)。社區醫學之研究與發展。北市醫學雜誌,1(2),1-5。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡秀環(2017)。再婚老人性生活議題之探討。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2017。1-158。
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