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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. May, C. (2003)。質疑資訊社會。(The Information Society : A Sceptical View)(葉欣怡譯)。台北縣:韋伯文化。(原作2002出版)
  2. Seidman, I. (2009)。訪談研究法。(Interviewing as qualitative research: A guide for researchers in education and the social sciences)(李政賢譯)。台北市:五南。(原作2006出版)
  3. 林鉦棽 (民85)。組織公正、信任、組織公民行為之研究:社會交換理論之觀點。管理科學學報,13(3),391- 415。
  4. 邱子恆 (民91)。圖書資訊專業人員與知識管理。臺北市立圖書館館訊,19(4),32-49。
  5. 李婷媛 (民95)。研發機構工程師資訊行為及其在資訊服務應用之探討。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣大學圖書資訊學研究所,台北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊竣顯(2017)。大學生個人差異及其小組報告之協作資訊行為研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2017。1-167。 
  2. 劉煌裕(2012)。開南大學教師資訊需求與資訊尋求行為之研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2012。1-137。 
  3. 莊竣顯(Chun-Hsien Chuang);蔡天怡(Tien-I Tsai)(2019)。Individual Differences in Undergraduate Students' Collaborative Information Seeking Behavior When Working on Group Projects: A Study on Willingness to Collaborate and Sources Used。圖書資訊學刊。17(2)。103-129。 
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