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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鴻楷、陳坤宏 (1989) 有關都市商業設施空間結構的一些概念,國立台灣大學建築與城鄉研究學報,4:1~18。
  2. 王鴻楷、陳坤宏(1991) 都市消費空間結構之形成及其意義,國立台灣大學建築與城鄉研究學報,6:43~61。
  3. 台灣省政府建設廳 (1985) 零售市場相關法令。
  4. 吳永毅(1987)
  5. a.試評〈都市非正式部門發展之研究:以路邊洗車業為例〉:台灣關於「非正式部門」研究的一些誤解,國立台灣大學建築與城鄉研究學報,3(1):179~185。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜國華(2014)。閒置中私有傳統零售市場再利用評估準則建立之研究-以高雄福人市場為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-74。 
  2. 盧恆毅(2012)。環境教育場址選址分析─以台北水源特定區為例。臺灣大學環境工程學研究所學位論文。2012。1-78。 
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